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The geographic area that is now the country of Jordan was for centuries a sparsely populated and highly tribalized desert region within the lurkish-controllcd Orcoman Empire, the population is overwhelmingly Arab and Sunni Muslim, although Christian Arabs,The New Jordans, Circassians, and other minorities have lived in this area for centuries. The Ottoman sultan in Istanbul was the ulrimate source of power for this political system, but he remained a distant figure who usually did little to help develop this highly impoverished portion of the Empire. The Ottoman authorities were feared more than admired by the desert villagers and townspeople of this region for rheir policy of conscripting local men into the Ottoman army for long periods of service. Such losses were an added hardship for Arab tribes and families attempting to make a meager living in a harsh desert environment. I he loss of young men to the Ottoman militarv reduced the number of individuals available to help provide for the subsistence of these areas and, more importanrly,Jordans Shoes, reduced the ability of local defenders ro fend off atracks by tribal raiders or brigands.Ottoman control of vast tracts of Arab territory ended as a result of the Empires defeat in World War I and the subsequent dismemberment of former Ottoman territory by the victorious Allied powers. As part of this transition, the country now known as Jordan began irs separare political existence as Transjordan, a British League of Nations mandate established in 1921. Transjordan began its unpromising existence with arbitrary borders established without significant regard for the population and with few natural frontiers except the Jordan River,Retro Jordans, which was used as the boundary with the western portion of the Palestinian mandate, also established after World War I. Transjordan was created as a separate political enticy from Palestine on the initiative of key British leaders,jordan releases, including then-Colonial Secretary Winston Churchill. As such, it was not subject to Jewish immigration, which was allowed in Palestine in accordance with the 1917 Balfour Declaration. The country was established with British aid with the expectation thar it would help support the interests of the United Kingdom within the Middle East as a friendly client state garrisoned by British-trained and led local forces rather than significant numbers of British troops.